Developing small island states like Samoa face increasing threats from adverse effects of climate change due to their relative isolation and size coupled with an extreme lack of resources. These threats are felt more particularly among agricultural communities in coastal villages.
In this volcanic mountainous island state, crops can be damaged or destroyed by extreme drought, prolonged heavy rainfall, as well as more frequent extreme events like cyclones and tropical storms. Climatic variations also expose crops and livestock to more pests and diseases. These climate-related stresses cause significant financial hardships on farmers and inadequate food supply for the local and export markets.
Adaptation projects coordinated at both the national and community levels in Samoa have already been implemented in a number of vulnerable areas. The overall approach primarily has been limited to securing sustainable livelihoods for these vulnerable communities.
With a grant from the Pacific-American Climate Fund (PACAM), the Adventist Development and Relief Agency Samoa (ADRA Samoa) will assist agricultural communities in 10 villages in Samoa to reduce their vulnerability to climate change impacts by addressing both poor disaster management and livelihood diversification. The project has two primary objectives: (1) to develop and enhance disaster risk management and preparedness activities among village communities, and (2) to enhance and diversify livelihoods as well as improve the financial marking literacy of low income households.
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