PDF version


UKMO have been working in partnership with a number of Pacific NMHSs on supporting climate observations, including the ‘upper air’ stations at Tarawa (Kiribati) and Funafuti (Tuvalu).

The 2 stations are seen as an important part of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)  programme  in providing important climate information as well as feeding data into the ongoing modelling (and subsequently forecasting) of weather in what is a fairly data sparse regions. Recent studies at the UKMO have shown that the observations from these stations are very important not just for the region, but globally, when compared to the ‘impact’ of the average European and global upper air soundings.

Under the current agreement between SPREP, the UKMO and MetService New Zealand, the 2 upper air stations at Tarawa, Funafuti and Rarotonga will continue to receive support of around ~£160-200k/year for accessories (balloons and sondes) and maintenance of ground stations and funds for day-to-day operations. The fund is managed by SPREP, under an MOU with the UKMO, who undertake the management and administration with technical assistance from MetService New Zealand.   

Main Objectives

  • Enhance the capacity of met services through partnership to deliver equipment, services and training
  • Supporting NMHS meteorological operations, enhancing the availability of observations worldwide; and protecting life and property in the Pacific region;
  • Financial support for NMHS to support the observing programmes, installation and upgrade of meteorological equipment, ongoing operations including consumables, staffing costs and to support visit to NMHS for training and maintenance.


Project Status
Start Date
Wednesday, January 1, 2014
End Date
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Short Title
Global Upper Air Network in the Pacific
Project Type
Total Funding
Donor Currency
Project Scope