Increased community resilience to the impacts of climate change through improved coastal and marine resource management and enhanced livelihoods.
The Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea is a chain of islands which experienced protracted conflict throughout the 1990s, resulting in the loss of infrastructure and government services, as well as affecting traditional community structures for supporting resource management. The Nissan District in Bougainville is home to about 6,300 people who have reported experiencing extreme weather patterns, both wet and dry. Less predictable and more extreme weather affects the ability of communities to manage agricultural livelihoods dependent on both marine and land resources.
With a grant from the Pacific-American Climate Fund (PACAM), CARE International in PNG will increase sustainable management of marine resources through development of community-based marine resource management plans. This will involve expanding the role of existing community-based adaptation (CBA) groups, facilitating the development of marine resource inventory tools for communities, and providing training in basic marine ecology to women and men in CBA groups. These groups will work to identify key healthy marine ecosystem elements, climate change impacts, and community vulnerabilities.
These steps will facilitate the identification of activities that can be undertaken to mitigate vulnerabilities, for example changing marine harvesting practices, rehabilitating degraded mangrove communities, and establishing fish sanctuaries. While fish are the main source of dietary protein for the people of Nissan, CARE International will build on and expand its current activities supporting climate-resilient agricultural practices, improved livestock management, and nutrition training.
See factsheet for full details.