The actions and ambitions provided in each country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) provide a strong measure of whether the world will achieve the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. These goals are: to hold the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C, to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C and, to increase the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development.
An assessment of actions in the NDCs submitted so far indicate that current actions are still not ambitious enough to keep global temperature increase to well below 2°C. There is a need to enhance current NDCs and accelerate the scale and pace of climate action globally in order to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
For some Pacific Island Countries (PICs), the development of INDCs was hurried to meet the deadline before the Paris COP21 in 2015. This meant that many NDCs were often developed by external consultants based on pre-existing plans to increase access to renewable energy, which is crucial for PICs as a way to reduce emissions while also reducing dependency on fossil fuel imports for diesel electricity generation.
This process means that for many PICs their NDCs do not include significant sources of emissions or emission reduction opportunities, such as transport, forestry, waste and agriculture or oceans. Enhancing Pacific NDCs through including actions to mitigate emissions in these sectors also has the potential to provide significant social and economic benefits and enhance resilience more broadly. Implementation of the existing NDCs and future enhanced NDCs will require an embedded, whole-of-government approach that helps translate NDC targets into detailed and well-understood national investment plans and align them to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The NDC Partnership (NDCP) and its accompanying Support Unit has been established to assist countries with their NDC processes. Fiji, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and Vanuatu are Pacific members of the NDC Partnership. The Climate Action Pacific Partnership Conference held in Suva in July 2017 called, amongst others, also for more Pacific Island countries to join the NDCP. The present proposal will be implemented within the framework of the NDCP. As a regional initiative in association with the NDC Partnership, the Hub is an integral part of the wider Partnership network of 70 countries and 14 international organisations. However, all Pacific countries will benefit from the Regional Pacific NDC Hub’s services, irrespective of their membership or non- membership in the NDCP.
While developed and driven as a regional initiative, the Regional Pacific NDC Hub will adopt and operate in accordance with the NDCP’s Guiding Principles (see below) and will leverage, complement, and strengthen the Partnership’s existing activities for country engagement, knowledge sharing and learning, as well as leveraging climate finance opportunities.
Although PICs’ contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions are insignificant, a transition to a low carbon economy is the path needed for overall sustainable development. Most of the PIC’s NDCs focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency actions, and most recognise this as also economically smart given the high reliance on fossil fuels. For PICs, their priority remains adaptation and resilience. There is a need to strengthen NDCs to better reflect the economic, environmental and social co-benefits of ensuring that infrastructure and ecosystems are resilient by taking into account climate and disaster risks.
In strengthening the resilience of PICs and promoting low carbon development, the Regional Pacific NDC Hub will also complement other actions taken under the Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific (FRDP) – in particular Goal 2 – Low Carbon Development.
It will be affiliated to the Pacific Resilience Partnership (PRP), the regional governance mechanism for the FRDP, to strengthen coordination and complementarity of actions to promote low carbon development.
See Design Document for more details.
Figure 1: Guiding principles
The NDC Partnership is a coalition of countries and institutions working to mobilize support and achieve ambitious climate goals while enhancing sustainable development. Launched at COP22 in Marrakesh, the NDC Partnership aims to enhance cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve large-scale climate and sustainable development targets as quickly and effectively as possible. The NDC Partnership builds in-country capacity and increases knowledge sharing so that climate policies have meaningful and enduring impacts, and drive increasing global ambition over time. https://ndcpartnership.org/about-ndc-partnership
Monday, January 1, 2018
Wednesday, March 1, 2023
Pacific NDC Hub