Saltwater intrusion into groundwater is one of the many impacts of climate change on the water resources in Kiribati, an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. Communities are also experiencing variations in precipitation and coastal erosion which will likely have adverse effects on the quantity and quality of groundwater resources. A lack of sanitation facilities and appropriate sewage treatment further deteriorates groundwater quality. Such effects place additional strain on people’s livelihoods and wellbeing. A survey found that more than two thirds of the households on Kiribati’s two outer islands do not have access to protected sources of drinking water. Poor hygiene due to limited access to potable is water is the reason why illnesses such as diarrhea and pneumonia are the leading causes of death in Kiribati.
(PACAM), the Institute for Sustainable Futures at the University of Technology Sydney (ISF-UTS) will help communities to identify early warning signals that indicate when freshwater supply is not meeting demand. Communities can then put adaptation strategies in place, which include the
diversification of water resources. Implementing this project will help ensure sufficient clean water is provided in accordance with the World Health Organization’s guidelines.
See factsheet for full details.