There has been a rapid escalation in the incidence of severe disaster events in recent decades. Total reported global costs have risen 15-fold over the past five decades, while numbers of people affected tripled between the 1970s and 1990s. Rising losses and associated increases in expenditure on post-disaster reconstruction have forced the issue of natural hazard risk management up the policy agenda of affected governments as well as multilateral and bilateral donors and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Disasters are increasingly recognised as a potential threat to sustainable development, poverty reduction initiatives and the achievement of a number of the Millennium Development Goals.This policy brief outlines recommendations for integrating assessment of natural hazard related risks in project design, appraisal and evaluation.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies