Climate change is expected to bring about an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme events such as flooding, droughts and cyclones. Threats to marine ecosystems (such as coral bleaching, beach erosion, ocean acidification) and terrestrial ecosystems (such as soil erosion, salt water intrusions in low lying coastal areas, reduced soil fertility, and increased pests and diseases) are also anticipated. Whilst Fiji, as a very low emitter of greenhouse gases, is an insignificant contributor to climate change, the country is very vulnerable to its impacts.
This National Climate Change Policy provides guidelines for sectors to ensure that current and expected impacts of climate change are considered in their planning and implementation programmes. In addition, relevant sectors are encouraged to take up climate change mitigation initiatives as part of Fiji's contribution to global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.