The Republic of Fiji ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1993, and thus became legally obligated to adopt and implement policies and measures to mitigate the effects of climate change and to adapt to such changes. This Second National Communications (SNC) to the UNFCCC follows and builds on the Initial National Communication (INC) submitted in 2005, and has been prepared in fulfillment of Fiji's obligations to the UNFCCC under Articles 4 and 12. The SNC follows the UNFCCC guidelines and includes information on Fiji's Greenhouse Gas Inventory in 2004 because of the unavailability of data for the year 2000. The document also includes measures to mitigate emissions and adapt to climate change in key sectors. The SNC project was executed by the Climate Change Unit under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, implemented by United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).